Illustrated Lantern Lectures in British Poor Relief

When in 1896 viewers flocked to the cinematograph shows to marvel at the ‘latest wonder’: the ‘living photographs’, they sat down facing a white wall looking forward, without any doubt, to watch pictures made from light which soon would emerge on that wall. In 1896, the cinematograph was a novelty, but pictures projected on a screen was a practice well-known to everybody. Already from the 1850s onward, the screen had been established in the public sphere for audiences to view pictures. In Britain, apart from commercial entertainers and apart from institutions as the Royal Polytechnic, there were a number of welfare organisations which organised illustrated lantern lectures to promote their activities in mission and poor relief as the Sunday School Union, the Salvation Army, the Church Army, the Band of Hope etc. They developed ingenious distribution strategies to find their audiences. Their illustrated lantern shows proved very popular: They created multimedia shows with well-directed performances, appealing to the senses of the spectators. Lantern shows in British poor relief served perfectly to persuade their audiences of welfare purposes and enriched exhibition culture.

How Elder People Remember Cinemagoing

In my dissertation, I try to explore and categorise the forms of how cinemagoing in the 1930s and 1940s is remembered by local eyewitnesses in the Saar region. This less urbanized region close to the border of France has been chosen as an important research field because of political issues, especially the election of 1935. After five, six and even seven decades, the social habit of cinemagoing still occupies an important place in the collective memory of elder people in rural communities.